How to Become a Whitewater Rafting Guide
Does living and working on the river sound like a far-fetched dream? Look no further, as we layout the requirements below on how to become whitewater rafting guide in the USA.
A few quick rafting guide points:
- You do not need any prior experience
- It is seasonal work in the USA
- Training and certifications are required
- Certain states and regions have special requirements
- Great community and camaraderie
Why Become a Rafting Guide?
If you love the water, meeting new people, getting your daily dose of adrenaline, and can handle responsibility, then becoming a whitewater rafting guide may be the right career, or part time job, path for you. It is seasonal outdoor work on the river with a great community, but you must be trained, capable, and outgoing to thrive at this job. If you’ve never been rafting, then be a paying guest on a rafting excursion and ask the guides questions and see the job up close and personal.
Whitewater Rafting Guide Job Description
A whitewater rafting guide guides patrons safely on a half-day, full-day, or multi-day whitewater rafting trip. Guides primary responsibility is safety, but they must also entertain the guests during their stay. Guides are key to the outfitter providing a top-tier safe entertainment package so quality, customer service, and teamwork are important to being a whitewater rafting guide.
Whitewater Rafting Guide Training, School, & Certification
To become a whitewater rafting guide, training is essential. It is advised to get your training at the outfitter you are hoping to work for, as certain states, regions, and rivers require special training and certifications. Generally, school is offered in the Spring for work to start in the upcoming season. Initial whitewater rafting training can be a daunting process with early mornings, late nights, and varying weather conditions, but soon enough you will be leading trips down the river. Depending on the state and outfitter, you will typically learn the following:
- River Dynamics
- River Safety
- River Navigation
- River Hazards
- Introduction to Rope Rescue
- Shallow Water Techniques
- Emergency Procedures
- CPR and First-Aid Certification
- Outfitter In-House Processes and Other Duties
On average, you will need a minimum of 50 hours of on river training with a certified guide (500+ river hours) before performing an “exit-test.” A typical “exit-test” will be leading a raft full of patrons and 1 experienced guide down a river. If the experienced guide believes you are ready at the end, he will pass you through your training. You can then commercially guide rafts down the river, but you will need additional river hours (500+) to lead the rafting group.
Whitewater Rafting Guide Salary & Pay
Whitewater rafting guide’s pay is determined by how many trips they take that day, tips, experience, and additional safety and skill certifications. On average, new guides make between $50-$100 plus tips per day. Experienced guides may make between $150-$200 plus tips per day. Raises and promotions are given to those that have more milage/time on the river, additional certifications (i.e. swiftwater rescue certifications or wilderness first responder).
Most outfitters will train you for their particular river stretch, but additional training and certifications may set you apart from other trainees, get you approved for commercial rafting quicker, or give you a pay raise. Some example of these additional trainings or experiences are:
- Swiftwater Rescue Training
- Wilderness First Responder Certified
- CPR Certified
- First Aid Certified
- AED Certified
- Experience leading groups in any fashion
- Entertainment background
Being in good physical condition is a must to become and stay a whitewater rafting guide. Whitewater rafting is a full body workout, especially for the arms, shoulders, and abs. Before training, you should exercise these muscles to ensure you have the stamina for multi-day rafting excursions. It is also important to stay in this shape once training is complete.
For training, some outfitters will provide the needed gear. However, after training you will be responsible for obtaining your own gear as each guide has their own preference/brand of gear. This gear can cost in excess of $300, but is generally a one time purchase. Typical whitewater rafting guide gear will be:
- Personal Flotation Device (PFD)
- Whitewater Helmet
- River Knife
- Rescue Rope
- Dry Bag
- Paddles and/or Oars
- Adequate Rafting Apparel
Typical Day-To-Day Tasks
- Check Patrons in
- Prepare and/or pack trip food
- Pack and load rafting equipment
- Entertain Guests
- Perform Safety Instructions
- Run two half days, one full day, or multi-day trip
- Unpack, unload, clean, and store rafting equipment
- Perform routine equipment maintenance
- Clean Outfitter
States with Special Requirements
Due to certain states, rivers, and regions requirement special requirements to becoming a commercial whitewater rafting guide, you should obtain your training with the outfitter you ideally want to work for. States with special requirements:
- Colorado: Requires 50 hours of certified training, first-aid certification, and CPR certification
- Maine: Must be licensed through Maine’s Inland Fisheries and Wildlife and pass a written exam.